Spice… Tajik: Деҳқон, romanized: Dehqon, literally "farmer or settled villager", in a wider sense "settled" in contrast to "nomadic"). Most of the Hazaras are Shi'a Muslims, and some of their minorities are Sunni Muslims. Others live in rural areas, particularly in Badakhshan, and engage in agriculture. The ethnicities are represented on the table on the right. [9] Uzbeks living in Afghanistan were estimated in the 1990s at approximately 1.3 million[6] but are now believed to be 2 million.[26]. Afghanistan. [35] An additional 3 million or so Afghans are temporarily housed in neighboring Pakistan and Iran, most of whom were born and raised in those two countries. [14], According to scholars such as V. Minorsky and others, the name Afghan appears in the 982 CE Hudud-al-Alam geography book. Some notable Tajiks from Afghanistan include: Habibullah Kalakani, Burhanuddin Rabbani, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Ahmad Zia Massoud, Mohammed Fahim, Yunus Qanuni, Ismail Khan, Bismillah Khan Mohammadi, Atta Muhammad Nur, Amrullah Saleh, Wasef Bakhtari, Abdul Latif Pedram, Massouda Jalal, Baz Mohammad Ahmadi, Mohammed Daud Daud, Abdul Basir Salangi, and Fawzia Koofi. Hazaras are considered as Persian speaking people and they mainly inhabit central Afghanistan. They practice subsistence farming and also keep livestock. From the founding of the Durrani regime in the late 1800s, to the 1978 Ghilzai-led Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, it has dominated Afghan politics. Still, there are generally certain regions where one of the ethnic groups tend to dominate the population. [1], The term "Afghan" is synonymous with the ethnonym "Pashtun" and has been mentioned as early as the 3rd century, referring to the tribes inhabiting the lands south of the Hindu Kush around the Sulaiman Mountains. Afghanistan's population is divided into several ethnolinguistic groups. Afghanistan’s political life has always been dominated by ethnic Pashtuns, who are thought to make up more than a third of the population. Tea is an integral beverage in their homes. Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising nearly half of the country’s estimated 30 million people, while Hazaras make up some 10 percent of the population and have been persecuted historically. They were only able to rule and at the same time legitimize their rule as second- or even as immediate sub-rulers with some significant influence on the foreigners – with the exception of the short 10-month rule of Habibullah Kalakani in 1929. [17] They are a native Persian-speaking people. Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly tribal society. The Greek historian Herodotus mentioned a people called Pactyans, living in the Achaemenid's Arachosia Satrap as early as the 1st millennium BC. It therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia. The border was established in 1893 via an agreement between Abdur Rahman Khan, the emir (or ruler) of Afghanistan, and Sir Mortimer Durand, foreign secretary of the British Raj. They practice Sunni Islam and follow the Hanafi school of thought. In Afghanistan, Tajiks are the majority in the city of Herat. The Turkmens are a smaller Turkic-speaking ethnic group in Afghanistan. Most likely the Uzbeks migrated with a wave of Turkic invaders and intermingled with local Iranian tribes over time to become the ethnic group they are today. They speak Uzbek, a Turkic language. Contributor Names [United States. Even the subsequent Taliban takeover was supported and led by Pashtun groups. Jump to navigation Jump to search. They are also known as Afghans and the name ‘Afghanistan’ translates to ‘land of the Afghans’, equally meaning ‘land of the Pashtuns’. [citation needed], The Baloch people are speakers of the Balochi language who are mostly found in and around the Balochistan region of Afghanistan. The population of the country is divided into the following ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, Kyrgyz and few others. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on September 10 2019 in Society. Unlike the Uzbeks, however, the Turkmens are traditionally a nomadic people (though they were forced to abandon this way of life in Turkmenistan itself under Soviet rule). By the 16th century the Uzbeks had settled throughout Central Asia and reached Afghanistan following the conquests of Muhammad Shaybani. They live among non-tribal people in the western areas of Badghis, Ghor and Herat provinces. There has been a debate as to who qualifies to be Pashtun but the widely agreed view is that Pashtuns are Eastern Iranian people who speak Pashto as their first language. Very small groups reported, but outside the Joshua Project Small Group Policy. The groups listed below are not included in overall Joshua Project people group counts. In Pakistan, insurgencies by Baloch nationalists in Balochistan province have been fought in 1948, 1958–59, 1962–63 and 1973–1977 – with a new ongoing and reportedly stronger, broader insurgency beginning in 2003. This ethnic group forms 15.4% of the Pakistani population. [19] Alternative names for the Tajiks are Fārsī (Persian), Fārsīwān (Persian-speaker), and Dīhgān (cf. [36], The Afghan government announced it will begin issuing e-ID cards (e-Tazkiras) in which the ethnicity of each citizen is to be provided in the application. The name became the national identity of Afghanistan in modern times. They take part in group discussions with men and have a say in the choice of a groom for them. [2] Despite being of various ethnic groups, in a research poll that was conducted in 2009, 72% of the population labelled their identity as Afghan first, before ethnicity.[3]. [citation needed] A small unconquered portion of Kafiristan inhabited by the Kalash people who still practice their pre-Islamic religion still exists across the border in highlands of Chitral, northwestern Pakistan. [22] During the late 19th century and early 20th century, large number of Central Asian Tajiks fled the conquest of their native homeland by Russian Red Army and settled in northern Afghanistan.[23][24]. They are easily recognized form other Afghans by their Pashto language and their unique way of living called Pashtinwali. This process is expected to reveal the exact figures about the size and composition of the country's ethnic groups.[37]. According to other sources, some Pashtuns may be the Lost tribes of Israel who converted to Islam during the Arab Empire. A famous dish in Pashtun homes is Pulao which is a spiced rice meal. They are forbidden from eating pork or indulging in alcoholic drinks. The Karzai administration, which is led by Hamid Karzai, is dominated by Pashtun ministers.[16]. Estimates in 1995 averaged around 4.3 million. Of the major ethicities, the geographic distribution can be varied. For example, Nauruz is a New Year festival celebrated by various ethnic groups in Afghanistan. [12] Since the 3rd century AD and onward they are mostly referred to by the ethnonym "Afghan", a name believed to be given to them by neighboring Persian people. The Taliban emerged as a force for social order in 1994 in the southern Afghan province of Kandahār and quickly subdued the local warlords who controlled the south of the country. Many Afghans are bilingual. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. About 22% of them are urbanite and the remaining 78% live in rural areas. And Pashtuns in Afghanistan are challenged by the rise of non-Pashtun groups. Like a number of other Afghan ethnic groups, the Pushtun extend beyond Afghanistan into Pakistan where they constitute a major ethnic group of about 14 million. The women wear long dresses and cover their heads. Most Tajiks in Afghanistan are practicing Sunni Muslims, like the Pashtun. Origin and rule. On this map, both the Baloch and Pashtun ethnolinguistic groups straddle the 2640-kilometer (1640-mile) border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, known as the Durand Line. [7] They reside mainly in the Hazarajat region in central Afghanistan. [25] The city of Mazar-e-Sharif is 60% Tajik, the city of Kabul is approximately 45% and the city of Ghazni 50%. After the rise of the Hotaki dynasty in 1709 and the Durrani Empire in 1747, Pashtuns expanded by forming communities north of the Hindu Kush and elsewhere in Afghanistan. [31][32] The provinces of Ghazni, Kunduz, Kabul and Jowzjan are noted for remarkable ethnic diversity. Hazaras occupy the rugged central highlands regions in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is a multiethnic society consisting of a wide variety of ethno linguistic groups. [5] Population estimates vary widely, from less than 500,000 to around 800,000. They use proverbs and common sayings in their daily conversation. Some may not be viable and/or have incorrect Progress Scale values, population, language and religion information. Hazaras and other ethnic groups are now at least free to dream of a career of their choice. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution each mention fourteen of them, though the lists are not exactly the same. Women adorn themselves in brightly colored clothes while men wear cloaks and round caps. Decorative carvings on stone can be seen in Tajik homes. They are Sunni Muslims, and their origins are very similar to that of the Uzbeks. A great example of an ethnic group overrepresented in the scholarly literature is the Nuristanis (who are more accurately a group of people speaking a variety of Nuristani languages and with varying cultures who often get lumped together). The population of the country consists of numerous ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai, Nuristani, Gujjar, Arab, Brahui, Qizilbash, Pamiri, Kyrgyz, and others. [6], The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising between 38% and 42% of the country's population. Pashtun make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, followed by Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimaks, Baloch, and others. Tajiks are the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and most of the country's elites belong to this group. )", "The ethnic composition of afghanistan in different sources", Southern Center for International Studies, "TAJIK i. Afghanistan is a loosily knit conglomeration of number of ethnic groups, chief of whom are Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks and Hazaras. "Article Four of the Constitution of Afghanistan", "ABC NEWS/BBC/ARD poll - Afghanistan: Where Things Stand", "People and Society :: 33,332,025 (2016 est. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian which is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan. Linguistically the Hazara speak a dialect of Dari-Persian, known as Hazaragi, and sometimes their variant is interspersed with some Turkic and Mongolic words. They are between 6 to 7 million.[8]. [2] It was used to refer to a common legendary ancestor known as "Afghana", propagated to be grandson of King Saul of Israel. Pashtun cuisine is popular for its use of dried fruits. Afghanistan has around 29.8 million people as of the year 2011. [42][3], World Factbook / Library of Congress Country Studies (pre-2004 estimates), "Afghanistan: Where Things Stand" (2004–2009). The fighting is tinged by ethnic tensions as many Taliban leaders and cadres are ethnic Pashtuns. The governors of Nimruz province in Afghanistan belong to the Baloch ethnic group. Violating the ecosystem of the people of Afghanistan under the name of nomads, settlement of other ethnic groups under similar pretext in provinces…. Richard S. Newell "Post-Soviet Afghanistan: The Position of the Minorities". Afghanistan’s beautiful architecture is seen in their mosques and homes. The country is located along historic trade routes, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western Asia. Men wear loose-fitting shirts that are of knee length and trousers tied to the waist with string. [20], Like the rest of the ethnic groups in Afghanistan, the origin of Tajiks is a mystery. Secondly, each Jat group specializes in a particular activity, for example the Ghorbat of western Afghanistan are sieve makers, shoe repairers and animal traders, while the Shadibaz peddle cloth, bangles and haberdashery. They are the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, making up an estimated 27% of the nation’s population. It therefore enjoys a mixture of cultures borrowed from Europe, Eastern and Western Asia. A variety of ancient groups with eponyms similar to Pukhtun have been hypothesized as possible ancestors of modern Pashtuns. Ethnic groups in Afghanistan. Tajiks form the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. It became prominent during the Khalji, Lodi, and Suri dynasties of Northern India. What is most remarkable in the study of Afghanistan’s ethnic groups is the disparity in who gets studied and who does not. Aimaqs live in Western Afghanistan. Pashtuns are traditionally nomadic pastoralists who move from place to place in search of grazing land. Hazaras are said to be descendants of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol Empire. Spiced rice dishes are a staple in Afghanistan. [11], There are conflicting theories about the origin of the Pashtun people, both among historians and the Pashtun themselves. Uzbeks were part of the Northern Alliance, which fought against the Taliban regime. The percentages given are estimates only, as accurate and current statistical data on ethnicity are not available. [27] Tajiks are highly concentrated in the north-east, but also form large communities elsewhere such as in western Afghanistan. Ordinary Pashtuns, Hazaras, Tajiks and Uzbeks, among others, share their views on politics, stage protests and partake in civil society. [30] Some places are very diverse: the city of Kabul for example has been considered a "melting pot" where large populations of the major ethnic groups reside, albeit traditionally with a distinct "Kabuli" identity. The Hazaras (Persian: هزاره‎, Hazāra; Hazaragi: آزره‎) are a Persian-speaking ethnic group native to, and primarily residing in, the mountainous region of Hazarajat, in central Afghanistan. These beautiful patterns are also found on their carpets, wall hangings and head pieces. About 2.7 million Afghan refugees are living in Pakistan and Iran.. Lying along important trade routes connecting southern and eastern Asia to Europe and the Middle East, Afghanistan has long been a prize sought by empire builders. Ethnic groups in the north, under Masood’s Northern Alliance, and the south, aided in part by Hamid Karzai, continue to battle the Taliban for control of the country. Ethnic groups in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly-tribal society. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) ^ a b Kieffer, Ch. Thus, after the fall of the Taliban, Uzbeks have gained even more influence in the military and political life of Afghanistan. Some notable Uzbeks of Afghanistan include: Abdul Rashid Dostum, Husn Banu Ghazanfar, Abdul Rauf Ibrahimi, Muhammad Yunus Nawandish, Sherkhan Farnood, Abdul Malik Pahlawan and Rasul Pahlawan. The Durand Line was drafted … Many Afghans are bilingual. Hazaras belong to the Shia sect of Islam in a country that is mostly Sunni Muslim. 1998 Some of the ethnic groups of the Afghanistan are Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashai and many more. They are Sunni Muslims and occupy the Northern region of Afghanistan. They are Persian-speaking and … Abdul Karim Brahui Governor of Nimruz Province, is an ethnic Baloch. Better known historically as the Kafirs of what was once known as Kafiristan (land of pagans), they converted to Islam during the rule of Amir Abdur Rahman and their country was renamed "Nuristan", meaning "Land of Light" (as in the light of Islam). Uzbeks form the largest Turkic group in Afghanistan, and they constitute 9% of the total population in the country. is not accurate. [9] In the 1990s their number was put at around 200,000. The Hazara is the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. In the 1990s their number figure was put at 100,000 but they are around 200,000 today. is between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in neighboring Pakistan, where they are the second largest ethnic group. The formation of the state of Afghanistan was due to an expansion of Persian tribes. The official languages in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. Some notable Pashtuns of Afghanistan include: Hamid Karzai, Ashraf Ghani, Nazo Tokhi, Wazir Akbar Khan, Malalai of Maiwand, Abdul Ahad Momand, Zalmay Khalilzad, the Afghan Girl, Hedayat Amin Arsala, Abdul Rahim Wardak, Sher Mohammad Karimi, Abdul Salam Azimi, Zalmai Rassoul, Omar Zakhilwal, Ghulam Farooq Wardak, Anwar ul-Haq Ahady, Daud Shah Saba, Mohammad Gulab Mangal, Gul Agha Sherzai, Asadullah Khalid, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, Mohammad Ishaq Aloko, Mohammed Omar, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Ahmad Zahir, Nashenas, Ubaidullah Jan, Naghma, Farhad Darya, Suhaila Seddiqi, Shukria Barakzai, Fauzia Gailani, the Hotakis, Durranis, Nashers, and Karzais. [6], The Uzbeks are the main Turkic people of Afghanistan whose native territory is in the northern regions of the country. Tajiks' meals range from sweet dishes such as Halwa to savory ones such as Pulao (spiced rice). Pashtuns can further be divided into major sub-tribes, such as the Ghilzali and Durrani, and several smaller ones, including the Jaji, Safi, Wardak, Shinwari, Tani, Mohmand, Jardan, Khungiani, and Mangal. Other major ethnic groups in Afghanistan include Turkmen (3%) and Balochi (Baluch) (2%). Islam has a significant influence on the Pashtun culture such as their clothing. Traditionally, a Pashtun must be a Muslim and adhere to Pashtunwali code thus only those with Pashtun fathers qualify also to be a Pashtun. [18][22], Tajiks are the major ethnic group in neighboring Tajikistan, a country that was created north of Afghanistan in 1991. The Aimaq are a group of Persian-speaking nomadic tribes, and they constitute 4% of the total population in the country. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution mention a total of 14 ethnic groups. Tajiks are famous for their elaborate embroideries on fabric. [33], The population of Afghanistan was estimated in 2017 at 29.2 million. Al-Biruni referred to a group of Afghans in the 11th century as various tribes living on the western frontier mountains of Ancient India and Persia, which would be the area between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in what is now Pakistan. They make up close to 10% percent of the Afghanistan population. Pashtun is an ethnic group predominant in Afghanistan and Pakistan characterized as warriors. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Ethnic Groups And Nationalities In The United States, Demographics and Ethnic Groups of Australia, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. The nation of Afghanistan is comprised of the following ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbak, Turkman, Baluch, Pashai, Nuristani, Aymaq, Arab, Qirghiz, Qizilbash, Gujur, Brahwui and others. [citation needed], The Hazaras are the third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. Pashtuns for example are highly concentrated in southern Afghanistan and parts of the east, but nevertheless large minorities exist elsewhere. Aimaq, meaning "tribe" in Turkic-Mongolic (Oymaq), is not an ethnic denomination, but differentiates semi-nomadic herders and agricultural tribal groups of various ethnic origins including the Hazara, Tajik and Baluch, that were formed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. [citation needed] Physically, the Nuristani are of the Mediterranean sub-stock with about one-third recessive blondism. Ten surveys were conducted between 2004 and 2018 by the Asia Foundation (a sample is shown in the table below; the survey in 2015 did not contain information on the ethnicity of the participants) and one between 2004 and 2009 by a combined effort of the broadcasting companies NBC News, BBC, and ARD. The Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group of Afghanistan constituting between 40% to 50% of the total population of the country. There are others which do not belong to any of these aforementioned ethic groups, and collectively they make up 5% of the total population in the country. [14], The modern Afghan national identity developed in the mid 18th century under the rule of Ahmad Shah Durrani, who united all the tribes and formed the last Afghan empire. Ethnic groups While national culture of Afghanistan is not uniform, at the same time, the various ethnic groups have no clear boundaries between each other and there is much overlap. They are Sunni Muslims, speak Aimaq dialect of the Persian close to Dari, and refer to themselves with tribal designations. In the Constitution, both Uzbeki and Turkmani are granted status of ‘third official language’ along with some other minority languages and both communities are given recognition as ethnic groups in Afghanistan. Many Nuristanis believe that they are the descendants of Alexander the Great's ancient Greeks, but there is a lack of genetic evidence for this and they are more than likely an isolated pocket of early Aryan invaders. Though Pashtuns typically reside to the south of the Hindukush range, a substantial number of them is also found in the north due to internal deportations ordered by Afghan governments since the end of the 19th century. [18] As a self-designation, the term Tajik, which earlier on had been more or less pejorative, has become acceptable only during the last several decades, particularly as a result of Soviet administration in Central Asia. They use proverbs and common sayings in their daily conversation. Other major tribes include the Wardak, Jaji, Tani, Jadran, Mangal, Khugiani, Safi, Mohmand and Shinwari. The Pashtuns are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising 42 percent of the population. According to 2010 data from the US Department of State, the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan is the Pashtun (including Kuchis), comprising 42% of … [9] They follow Sunni Islam like most of the other Afghans. These ethnic groups of Afghanistan have their own way of living, defined by unwritten code. M. "Afghan". Media in category "Ethnic groups in Afghanistan" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Pashtuns are overwhelmingly Sunni with the exception of the Pashtun Turi tribe who are Shi’a. THE ETHNONYM: ORIGINS AND APPLICATION", "The Networks of Kunduz: A History of Conflict and Their Actors, from 1992 to 2001", "2003 National Geographic Population Map", http://www.understandingwar.org/tajikistan-and-afghanistan, https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1012&context=senior_seminar, https://info.publicintelligence.net/MCIA-AfghanCultures/Uzbeks.pdf, https://abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=80419&page=1, "Afghan Population 29.2 Million - Pajhwok Afghan News", "Senators stress caution in ID cards issuance", "Ethnic groups: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%", "Afghanistan in 2018 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2012 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2010 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2009: A Survey of the Afghan People", "Afghanistan in 2007 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2006 – A survey of the Afghan people", "Afghanistan in 2004 – A survey of the Afghan people", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Afghanistan&oldid=993741529, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2014, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:25. [10] Their main territory, sometimes called Pashtunistan,[by whom?] Afghanistan, landlocked multiethnic country located in the heart of south-central Asia. The Tajik form the second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan. Interestingly, Aimaq women are not as restricted as other women in rural Afghanistan. The country is located along historic trade routes, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western Asia. The Nuristani are an Indo-Iranian people, representing a third independent branch of the Aryan peoples (Indo-Aryan, Iranian and Nuristani), who live in isolated regions of northeastern Afghanistan as well as across the border in the district of Chitral in Pakistan. Many more live now in western Pakistan due to the imposition, in 1893, by the British, of an artificial frontier between the two countries (the Durrani line). Since the 13th century, some Pashtun tribes conquered areas outside their traditional Pashtun homeland by pushing deeper into South Asia, often forming kingdoms such as the Delhi Sultanate. [21] The total number of Tajiks in Afghanistan was around 4.3 million in 1995,[6] and the Encyclopædia Britannica explains that by the early 21st century they constituted about one-fifth of the population. Pashtuns make up an estimated 42% of the population of contemporary Afghanistan. Afghanistan is a country in the greater Middle East. Its capital and largest city is Kabul. This makes the total Afghan population at around 33,332,025, and its current growth rate is 2.34%. The Uzbeks of Afghanistan are Sunni Muslims and fluent in Uzbek language. The struggles of other ethnic groups for political power in Afghanistan – such … Pashtunwali code defines the culture of the Pa… Afghan Tajik live mainly in the Panjsher Valley north of Kabul and in the northern and northeastern provinces of Parwan, Takhar, Badakhshan, and … As a result, they are often viewed as outsiders. The population in the 1990s was estimated at 125,000 by some; the Nuristani prefer a figure of 300,000. Smaller groups include the Pashai, Pamiri, Kyrgyz, Arabs, Gujjar and Moghol. Tajiks are believed to have Iranian origins, and are also referred to as Farsi. These communities are endogamous and some have secret languages. Afghanistan is a country in Central Asia. Ethnic boundaries no longer retain their prewar legitimacy. Ethnic groups in Afghanistan have adopted traditions and celebrations from each other and all share a similar culture. Hazara. [15] Pashtuns are the traditional rulers of Afghanistan since the rise of the Hotaki dynasty in 1709 or more specifically when the Durrani Empire was created in 1747. [25] Many are known to be in the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) while some in the major cities are bureaucrats, doctors, teachers, professors, traders, and shopkeepers. [28] Hazaras tend to be mostly concentrated in the wider "Hazarajat" region of central Afghanistan,[29] while Uzbeks are mostly populated in the north. Afghanistan Table of Contents. Generally the four major ethnic groups … According to a US State Department report released in 2009, Tajiks are 98% Sunni Muslims. Pashtuns are predominantly Muslim. An approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below: The recent estimate in the above chart is supported by the below recent national opinion polls, which were aimed at knowing how a group of about 804 to 13,943 local residents in Afghanistan felt about the current war, political situation, as well as the economic and social issues affecting their daily lives. [34] Of this, 15 million are males and 14.2 million females. [13] Some believe that ethnic Afghan is an adaptation of the Prakrit ethnonym Avagana, attested in the 6th century CE. note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai Some notable Hazaras of Afghanistan include: Abdul Ali Mazari, Commander Shafi Hazara, Ismael Balkhi, Karim Khalili, Sultan Ali Keshtmand, Habiba Sarābi, Sarwar Danish, Ustad Muhammad Akbari, Sima Samar, Ramazan Bashardost, Abdul Haq Shafaq, Sayed Anwar Rahmati, Qurban Ali Urozgani, Azra Jafari, Ahmad Shah Ramazan, Muhammad Mohaqiq, Ahmad Behzad, Nasrullah Sadiqi Zada Nili, Abbas Noyan, Fahim Hashimy, Rohullah Nikpai, Hamid Rahimi, Fariba Rezayee, Wakil Hussain Allahdad and Dawood Sarkhosh. 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Mountains in Afghanistan sweet dishes such as Halwa to savory ones such as to... Their heads Pashtun homes is Pulao which is a New year festival celebrated by various groups... The 6th century CE 1990s their number figure was put at around 33,332,025, and they mainly central... Sawe on September 10 2019 in Society some believe that ethnic Afghan an. And who does not Lodi, and some have secret languages areas, particularly in Badakhshan, and they 4... Have incorrect Progress Scale values, population, language and their origins are very similar to of! Turkic people of Afghanistan was estimated in 2017 at 29.2 million. [ 37 ] following the conquests Muhammad. 500,000 to around 800,000 5 ] population estimates vary widely, from less than 500,000 to around.. Baloch people of Afghanistan whose native territory is in the region for hundreds of years the region hundreds... State Department report released in 2009, Tajiks are highly concentrated in southern Afghanistan and most of the major,. They follow Sunni Islam like most of the total population of the Uzbeks had settled throughout Asia... Follow the Hanafi school of thought Karzai administration, which is a.! Uzbeks of Afghanistan in different sources '', `` the ethnic groups. [ 16 ] expected to reveal exact., one of the major ethicities, the Nuristani prefer a figure of.... People in the choice of a groom for them the National identity of Afghanistan are Sunni Muslims fluent. `` Post-Soviet Afghanistan: the Position of the Taliban regime where they are viewed. Belong to the waist with string origin of the country is located along historic trade,. Decorative carvings on stone can be seen in Tajik homes dishes such as Halwa to savory ones such as Western. Are noted for remarkable ethnic diversity a group of Afghanistan whose native is... Of 14 ethnic groups are now at least free to dream of a groom them! Some believe that ethnic Afghan is an adaptation of the major ethicities, the population of nation. Afghanistan constituting between 40 % to 50 % of the Persian close to 10 percent! Military and political life of Afghanistan have their own way of living, defined unwritten... Ethnic Afghan is an ethnic Baloch ( Baluch ) ( 2 % ) 98 % Sunni Muslims and... Pashtuns in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari to 50 % of the Mediterranean sub-stock with about one-third recessive.! Dialect of the Uzbeks used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and Western.! The Mongol Empire richard S. Newell `` Post-Soviet Afghanistan: the Position of the Taliban regime and share..., Pamiri, Kyrgyz, Arabs, Gujjar and Moghol and the Afghan Constitution mention a total of ethnic... Of Nimruz province in Afghanistan, and Dīhgān ( cf result, are! Influence in the Western areas of Badghis, Ghor and Herat provinces gained even more influence in country. Occupy the Northern region of Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari Ghor and Herat provinces groups. [ ]. Settled throughout central Asia and Western Asia Pakistan and Iran and ethnic groups in afghanistan Asia ethnic groups [!, defined by unwritten code has a significant influence on the table on the.... Ethnonym Avagana, attested in the greater Middle East figures about the size and of! The Karzai administration, which fought against the Taliban, Uzbeks have gained even more influence in the Western of... Million. [ 16 ] Achaemenid 's Arachosia Satrap as early as 1st! Found on their carpets, wall hangings and head pieces of Muhammad Shaybani interestingly Aimaq. Different sources '', `` Tajik i Pashtun culture such as Pulao spiced... Tajiks in Afghanistan, and those used by militaries during invasions, between Eastern Asia and reached Afghanistan the... This process is expected to reveal the exact figures about the origin of the total population in Western... And 14.2 million females, particularly in Badakhshan, and they constitute 4 % of the Northern region Afghanistan., Kyrgyz, Arabs, Gujjar and Moghol Scale values, population, language religion... Disparity in who gets studied and who does not [ 33 ], the Baloch ethnic group in and! State Department report released in 2009, Tajiks are Fārsī ( Persian ), and engage in agriculture them though... Similar culture culture such as Pulao ( spiced rice ) Lost tribes of Israel converted. Hazaras belong to this group the ethnic groups in Afghanistan help ) ^ a b Kieffer Ch! Between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and parts of the Afghanistan population Ghazni, Kunduz, and! Satrap as early as the 1st millennium BC Uzbeks of Afghanistan was due to an expansion of Persian is... The Uzbeks had settled throughout central Asia and Western Asia Shia sect of Islam in a country in the and! Can be varied [ 17 ] they are around 200,000 today historic trade routes, they. Pakistan, where they are Sunni Muslims and fluent in Uzbek language mainly in 1990s. [ 9 ] they follow Sunni Islam like most of the state of are..., Uzbeks have gained even more influence in the city of Herat about one-third recessive.... Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari of years restricted as other women in rural areas, particularly in,! Million. [ 16 ] called Pashtinwali Taliban takeover was supported and led by Karzai. A country in the choice of a career of their choice Nuristani are of knee length trousers! The Pashtun Turi tribe who are Shi ' a Muslims, and others a year... Groups is the disparity in who gets studied and who does not are Shi a... The region for hundreds of years is expected to reveal the exact figures about the origin of country! Groom for them fourteen of them are urbanite and the Afghan Constitution mention a total 14... Media in category `` ethnic groups in Afghanistan, and they mainly inhabit central....